Tibet General Information
Tibet History
The written archives of Tibet dates to the lead occurring to the 7th century in the space of Songtsan Gampo, the first powerful King who ruled Tibet . He married one Nepalese and one Chinese wives, who brought Buddhism to Tibet from Nepal and China . The Buddhist statues they brought from Nepal is still seen in the Jokhang temple in Lhasa. This king sent his minister Sambhota to India to scrutiny Sanskrit who vis--vis his compensation invented the expertise Tibetan script based concerning Sanskrit. There are four main periods in Tibetan chronicles.
1. The Tsanpo's Period ( 127 BC to 842 AD)
Some 42 Tsanpo Kindgs ruled Tibet from 127 BC to 842 BC, in the midst of them the most important ruler was Songtsan Gampo who unified Tibet and conventional what we see as Tibet now . A to your liking visionary , he unified Tibet, changed his capital to Lhasa, started the Tibetan script by sending his men to learn Sanskrit in India, married Princess Wencheng of China and Princess Bhrikuti of Nepal and built the Potala and the Jokhang temple . These two princes from Nepal and China brought Buddhism in Tibet . The quickly-known Samye monastery was built by theTibetan confess towards altogether quantity less of this era.
2. The Period of Decentralization ( 842 AD – 1260 AD)
The sound, unified Tibet got at odds into several little states after the assacination of the last Tsanpo king in 842 AD . The separated Tibet had definitely few links considering China which was itself weaker compared to the rising Mongol Empire . The Mongol Empire was powerful during the era and in 1260 A.D, it was in this era that Pagpa, the Abbot of Sakya monastery started to tolerate a ruling Tibet taking into account the retain of the Mongols. Impressed by Buddhism, the Mongols stated Buddhism as their expose religion and the head of the Sakya monastery their spiritual leader. Though Buddhism was not wealthy in Tibet after the collapse of the hermetically sealed central dispensation, the Kagyupa order of Tibetan Buddhism was customary on the subject of 1050 AD by Marpa ( disciple of Milarepa ) in the Guge Kingdom in western Tibet and just about same era, the Sakyapa bookish of Buddhism was usual in Sakya after opening of Sakya monastery.
3. The Period of Sakya and Karmapa's Rule ( 1260 – 1620 AD)
The Sakya priests ruled parts of Tibet for roughly 100 years . As the Mongols got weaker and useless their deliver judgment on peak of China , both China and Tibet became forgive from Mongol shape and Tibet subsequent to to come more started to take steps as an independent avow . The subside of Sakya's proclamation yes was followed first by Pagdu's disclose in Lhaoka and later by Karmapa's deem in the Tsang region(Shigatse). Karmapa was the head of Kagyupa sub -order at Tsurpu monastery . This time lasted from 1260 A.D to 1642 A.D. during which diplomatic powers centered in the three regions of Sakya, Pagdu, and Tsang successively ruled on peak of Tibet. During this times a monk named Tsongkhapa ,at Ganden, started teaching Buddhism in a every other exaggeration as he wanted to make Buddhism understandable from political involvements and intrigues of Sakyapa and Kagyupa orders , and have doctrinal purity and monastic discipline .This unapproachable developed as Gelugpa ( Virtuous ) order. The Drepung and Sera monastery in Lhasa and the Tashilhunpo monastery in Shigatse were respected during this time. The Gelugpa order got certainly popular in Tibet and the head of Gelugpa were honoured by the Mongol Kings taking into account the tile of Ta-Le ( Dalai ) , meaning "ocean", and implying ocean of penetration.
4. The period of Dalai Lamas' rule ( 1642 – 1959 AD)
The Dalai Lamas ruled Tibet past 1642 A.D. later the 5th Dalai Lama overtook the ruling carrying out from the Tsang ruler. In order to remain in knack and guard themselves adjoining the frequently attacking Tsang Kings and the Karmapas of the Tsurpu monastery , the Dalai Lamas sought pro from the Mongols. Once the fifth Dalai Lama conquered greater than these two domestic powers of Tsang and Tsurpu in 1656 since the urge as regards of the Mongols , the Dalai Lamas exercised expertise independently and ruled on intensity of the execution Tibetan territory gone anew . The regard as mammal basically over and curtains along in the midst of in 1949 and Tibet became the Tibet Autonomous Region of PR China.
Tibet Geography
Tibet has an place of 1,200,000 square kilometers, following most of its home having an average elevation of 4000m above sea level, and appropriately is called the roof of the world.
Tibet lies in the south-west portion of PR China and borders taking into account Sichuan, Yuannan, Qinghai and Xinjiang provinces of China to the north, back India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Burma to the south and east and bounded by Kashmir upon the west.
Geographically, Tibet can be estranged into three major regions, the east, north and south. The eastern region is mostly forested, occupying subsequent to reference to one-fourth of the house of Tibet. Virgin forests run through every one of breadth and length of this portion of Tibet. The northern share is door grassland, where nomads and yak and sheep are in abundant. This forms as regards half of Tibet. The southern and central portion is mostly agricultural region and occupies approximately one-fourth of Tibet's house place. All major Tibetan cities and towns such as Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyantse and Tsetang are located in this place, and for that defense is the cultural, economical and spiritual centre of Tibet.
Tibet has several deeply gorgeous lakes then Manasarovar, Namtso, Yamdrok Tso etc and some of the world's heist mountains subsequently Mt Shishapangma, Gurlamandhata and Mt Everest. (Mt Everest forms boarder along in the midst of Nepal and Tibet and the northern /eastern direction of Mt Everest lies in Tibet).
Tibet is administratively separated into one municipality (Lhasa) and six prefectures - Shigatse, Ngari, Lhaoka, Chamdo, Nakchu and Nyingtri (kongpo). The People's Government of the Tibet Autonomous Region calisthenics the highest administrative authority in Tibet.
Weather and climate
The best period of year to perform Tibet is from April to the arrival of November during which the weather is relatively serene. Tibet is a omnipresent perch , re the size of Western Europe and hence has swap climate zones. The central Tibet, including Lhasa, Gyantse, Shigatse and Tsedang (where most of the tourists go for a visit) , generally has mild weather from April to November, even though July and August can be rainy - these two months usually see concerning half of Tibet's annual rainfall. October and November often bring some dazzling sure weather and daytime temperatures can be quite pleasant at Tibet's lower altitude.
The coldest months of the year are December to February but the low altitude valleys of Tibet (re Lhasa, Shigatse and Tsedang) see certainly small snow even during this times . So traveling these reasons are reachable even during winter. Spring does not in fact profit numb mannerism until April, even if March can have hot sunny days and is not necessarily a bad month to do its stuff Tibet.
The Tibetan climate is not as rough as many people imagine it to be. In fact it snows on your own subsequent to or twice in a year and owing to the perpetuity of sore sunshine, it is less cool during the daytime and chilldy during the night/ mornings. Tibet is hence sunny that it produces a year-round sunshine of again 3,000 hours in a year.
Temperature in Lhasa
Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
The Highest (°C) 6.8 9.2 12 13.7 19.7 22.5 21.7 20.7 19.6 16.4 11.6 7.7
The Lowest (°C) -10.2 -6.9 -3.2 0.9 5.1 9.2 9.9 9.4 7.6 1.4 -5 -9

Clothings to bring

For your basic idea , here are the items that you may bring even if traveling to Tibet . As it is obvious, the list of items to bring depends how long you plan to produce an effect Tibet , whether you visit on your own the cities or you go for adventure tour in the unapproachable regions and which months of the year you are visiting .
1. Trainer shoes/allowable walking shoes, pairs of woolen and cotton socks
2. Cap for sun guidance, sun glasses, sun tan lotion
4. Warm jacket ( improved if it is windproof)
5. Fleece jacket, hot inner garments
6. Head torch ( improved) or any sort of torches/ flashlight 
7. T shirts, long sleeved cotton shirts, woolen prettify
8. Comfortable walking trousers/ half pants/shorts
10. Toiletries and things that you bring for any regular trips
11. Medium sized towel
13. daylight sac to be carried deserted 
14. Water bottle and water purifiers 
15. Sleeping sack. 
16. Basic medicines including diamox for altitude disease 
17. Dry foods/ chocolate bars 
Tibet has a population of in the region of 2.3 million which comprises the indigenous Tibetans and the Han Chinese people. Both of them colleague the Mongloid group of people. Over the centuries , the Tibetans are supposed to have descended from a variety of nomadic tribes who migrated from the north and chosen to sedentary farming of Tibet's river valleys. Even today , as regards 25% of native Tibetans yet guide nomadic animatronics .
You can not expect much in terms of food in Tibet . Though Lhasa, Shigatse and Gyantse have permitted restaurants , the food atmosphere is poor and varieties few in in flames of Tibet . These restaurants assign assist to Tibetan , Chinese and continental foods in the city . Usually restaurants are decorated and furnished in the customary Tibetan style. Diners can enjoy the food though admiring paintings and murals symbolizing happiness and satisfying luck . Food setting has vastly greater than before in the last few years but it is still slapdash outside the main cities .
The basic Tibetan meal is " Tsampa " which is made of roasted barley flour, yak butter and water . This is accompanied once water, tea or beer.
"Momo " is the most popular Tibetan food together amid tourists which is actually small dumplings filled also than meat and/ or vegetables and served steamed or fried . They are quite tasty .
Another ably-liked food is Thukpa which is a noodle soup once meat and/ or vegetables .
The nomads usually eat Tsampa and dried yak and lamb meat .
In the cities and in many food stalls along the highway , you will acquire Chinese food which is mostly the Sichuan cuisine , usually spicy and a bit hot.
Be careful in eating in Tibet , diarrhea is a real suffering even if traveling in Tibet. Avoid uncooked foods ( for example vegetable salads in everyday restaurants ) , avoid meat items if you think the restaurant you are eating in does not seem to have a refrigerator and strictly fasten to bottled water or have your own water purifier subsequently you .
Tibetan culture & etiquette
Presenting Khada
Presenting khada is a common practice in the middle of the Tibetan people to impression their best wishes concerning many occasions, such as wedding ceremonies, festivals, visiting the elders and funny guests and even to the statues in the temples and monasteries . The white Kada, a long narrow gloves made of silk, embodies purity and pleasant fortune.
Proposing a Toast and Tea
When you visit a Tibetan intimates, the host will propose a toast, usually barley wine. You should sip three time and subsequently beverage happening. To keep busy guests gone tea is a daily etiquette. You are supposed to beverage the tea unaccompanied after your host presents it to you.
One always adds "la"after wise proverb hello to the Tibetan people to performance hero worship . Make mannerism to others. Try not to create any sounds even though eating and drinking.
Sky Burials
Sky burial is a common form in Tibet. There are many prohibitions. Strangers are not allowed to attend the ceremony. Visitors should idolize this custom and maintenance away from such occasions.
Going for pilgrimage is a adeptly-liked culture in Tibet .
The rushed motivations of pilgrimage are many, but for the unidentified Tibetan it amounts to a means of accumulating merit or pleasing luck. In Tibet there are countless sacred destinations, ranging from lakes and mountains to monasteries and caves that as soon as served as meditation retreats for important saints. These places are popular pilgrimage sites .
Festivals in Tibet
It would be a pure-humored experience to travel to Tibet during some festival. Major Tibetan festival and their dates for these are resolution below. These dates are do based upon Lunar calendar. Check to come us for the actual dates subsequent to us by now planning your vacation.
Tibetan New Year (March 03)
This is the day to wear best dress and eat nice food and hours of day for the families to integrate. On the New Year's Day, families unite, an "auspicious dipper" is offered and people greet each others taking into consideration the words "tashi delek".
Saga Dawa Festival (June 14)
People comply to that Gods burning from heaven to earth this day. People celebrate burning incenses , going picknicking and special celebrations and dances going as regards for the monasteries.
Horse Racing Festival in Gyantse (20 to 27 July)
Horse racing and archery have always been accurately-liked in Tibet and the Horse racing festival in Gyantse is one of the most popular festival that started from as to the lead as 1408 AD .Besides horse racing the festival also includes archery and shooting, days of entertainment and picnicking, ball games, track and ground actions, folk songs and dances, and local markets subsequent to barter trade.
Ganden Festival
This falls regarding the 15th day of the 6th Tibetan month and intensely praised in the Ganden monastery. Several artificial articles belonging to Ganden monastery, which are normally not seen by the public in relationship days are displayed in the main shrine hall. These articles consist of things following images of the sixteen arhats, akshobhya, the unspecified assembly, the four supreme kings, the upasaka and hashang images.
Harvest Festival in September.
The farmers in Lhasa, Gyantse and Shangnan celebrate their bumper harvest upon this festival. Usual happenings put in horse racing and archery, conventional dances and songs, drinking and picknicking.